Athens Greece and ancient Greek.

History of Athens, mythology and the best archaeological locations.

On this article for Athens Greece, you will find general and official information regarding Geography, the ancient agora, the golden age of Athens, the Peloponnesian war and many more.

Athens is famous as the cradle of Western Civilization. Also, the birthplace of democracy. It has had a huge political and cultural impact on the European continent and today’s modern world.

Is the largest city for this beautiful country and the capital of Greece. It dominates the Attica region. It is known as one of the oldest cities in the world. Its history tracks back to over 3,400 years. It also has one of the earliest human presences.

Ancient Athens was a powerful city. 

The first civilization in Athens can be traced back to the 11th and 7th millennium BC. Its development started in conjugation with the port of Piraeus. Before the 5th century BC, it was a distinct city. Since then, it has been a centre of learning, arts, and philosophy. It is also home to some great philosophers like Aristotle, Plato and many more.

However, modern Athens is a cosmopolitan metropolis. It is the centre of financial, economic, maritime, industrial, cultural and political life in Greece. It also is the 39th richest city in the world and 67th in the list of the most expensive regions.

Start planning your trip to Athens in Greece and get your bags packed!  Indulge in the beauty and Athens culture. The Athens City Break for 3 days will provide you with a travel experience, which you will never forget. One travel advisor will be by your side and show you popular locations, famous restaurants, ancient residential areas and tips from the locals.

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Acropolis theatre
Acropolis region

Geography 

Athens Greece spreads across the central plain of Attica. It is commonly known as Attica Basin or Athens. There are 4 large mountains that surround Athens. These are.

  1. Mount Aegaleo in west
  2. Mouth Pentelicus in northeast
  3. In north Mount Pranitha
  4. Mount Hymettus in east

There lies a Thriasian Plain beyond Mount Aegaleo. It is an extension of the central pain in the west. In southwest lies the Saronic Gulf. However, Cephissus, Eridanos and Ilisos are the rivers of Athens Greece.

Geography

History

Cave of Schist is the oldest known human presence in Ancient Greece. It dates back to 11th and 7th millennia BC. Four 7000 years, Athens has been inhibited. Mycenaean civilization became an important centre of Ancient Greece in 1400 BC. Major Mycenaean fortress is the major site of Acropolis. However, the sections of Cyclopean walls are the signs of old civilizations.

In various locations like Kerameikos, there are Iron Age burials. From 900 BC onwards, Athens became the leading centre of prosperity and trade. By the 6th century, BC social unrest was at a peak that led to reforms of Solon. Most importantly, the eventual introduce in 508 BC by Cleisthenes is known around the world.

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Mythology

Athens Greece is known four many famous mythologies. However, most of the myths go back to the Greek Gods and how they were born. Before you can visit Athens, some of the famous myths you have to know about are.

  • The fight over patronage of Athens between Poseidon and Athena.
  • Theseus capturing the Marathonian bull. The greatest Athenian hero.
  • You will find the storey of Zeus cheating on Hera.
  • The storey of how Dionysus was born. The only god with a mortal parent – Semele.
Greek mythology - Athens Greece

Archaeological Sites

These are remnants of the historical Gods, wars and other events which happened in the past. Most popular places in the city:

  • Acropolis Museum, renowned as the national archaeological museum of Parthenon.
  • Theater of Dionysos, renowned as Herodes Atticus.
  • Lycabettus hill the national library.
  • Temple of Olympian Zeus.
  • Syntagma square and national garden.
  • Plaka neighbourhood at the center of Athens.
  • Dionysiou Areopagitou Street and Ermou Street.
  • The museum of 2004 summer Olympics games.

Best places to visit in Greece, all over the country.

  • The Temple of Apollo Epicurius at, Bassae.
  • Delphi archaeological museum, central Greece.
  • Sanctuary of Asklepios, Peloponnese.
  • The medieval city of Rhodes, Rhodes.
  • Mystras and Olympia, Peloponnese.
  • Paleochristian and Byzantine Monuments, Thessaloniki.
  • Mycenae, Peloponnese.
  • The Meteora Monasteries, beside the Pindos Mountains.
Acropolis-museum

Athens City Break tour from the Greecefull’s expert team.

If you are planning Vacations in Athens, Greecefully has the best 3-day city tour four you. Explore Athens Greece, a city known four the cultural achievements. It is the base of the western world with the modern metropolis, vibrant and remarkable lifestyle and sightseeing experience. However, the urban break will take you through 500 years of history. Most importantly, you will come across the world heritage culture. There are various sightseeing options in Athens Greece.

 

What is included:

You may have been wondering that what you will get on the tour. Here are the included services you will have.

  1. 3 nights in Athens Greece with proper accommodation in 4 or 5 stars hotel.
  2. Transportation to and from the Athens airport.
  3. 4 gourmet meals and 3 breakfasts.
  4. Tickets and admission fee to all cultural and archaeological sites.
  5. Certified English-speaking guides four your help (optional).

 

Besides that, you will love the gastronomy and unique delicacies. Enjoy the Attica light with the blue sky. You will surely love the city break. We all know that the beautiful city of Athens Greece has been standing for four years. However, the modern twist to the history makes it more appealing and pleasing to eyes. There are various activities which you can enjoy in the metropolis. There are various boutique hotels you will come across the city.

The Golden Age of Athenians (Fifth-century Athens Greece). 

Pericles had such a significant impact on Thucydides Athenian culture. However, a contemporary history specialist acclaimed him as “the main subject of Athens”. Pericles transformed the Delian League into an Athenian realm. Also, drove his kinsmen amid the initial two years of the Peloponnesian War.

The period amid which he drove Athens from 461 to 429 BC, generally. Most importantly, it is a time known as the “Time of Pericles”. However, the period along these lines meant can incorporate occasions. Most importantly, as ahead of schedule as the Persian Wars, or as late as the following century.

Pericles advanced expressions writing and experiences of humans. Most importantly, it is mainly through his endeavours that Athens holds. The notoriety of being the instructive and social focus of the old Greek world. He began an aspiring undertaking that produced the greater part of the surviving structures on the Acropolis.

This undertaking enhanced and secured the city showed its greatness. Also, offered work to the general population. Pericles additionally encouraged the Athenian popular government to such a degree. Most importantly, to the point that pundits consider him a populist. Similar hashtags: neoclassical buildings, Thessaloniki Greece, Greek country, best places to stay in Greece.

Athenians during the Golden period of Athenian culture. 

The brilliant time of Athenian culture is generally dated from 449 to 431 B.C. Most importantly, the long periods of relative peace between the Persian and Peloponnesian war. After the second Persian intrusion of Greece in 479. Athens and its partners all through the Aegean shaped the Delian League.

Most importantly, a military collusion concentrated on the Persian risk. Following a fizzled Athenian assault on the Persians in Egypt in 454. The Athens’ pioneers pushed to exchange the League’s treasury from Delos to Athens. After three years, a coinage declares forced Athenian weights and measures all through the group. When Pericles was chosen strategy, the class was well on its approach to turning into an Athenian domain.

Amid the 430s Pericles tapped the group’s treasury to subsidise tremendous social ventures in Athens. Most importantly, a progression of structures on the city’s peak Acropolis. Moreover, the sanctuary of Athena Nike, the Erechtheum and the transcending Parthenon. Worked to the most elevated norms of feel, building and arithmetic. In addition, these white marble structures were enriched with unpredictable statues and friezes cut by the time’s most noteworthy stone carvers.

Pericles’ social advancements were similarly critical to the period. He attempted to democratise the expressive arts. By financing theatre confirmation four poorer subjects and empowered community support. By offering pay four jury obligation and other common administration. Pericles kept up dear kinships with the main judgement skills of his opportunity.

The dramatist Sophocles and the stone worker Phidias were among his companions. Pericles’ partner Aspasia, outstanding amongst other known ladies of antiquated Greece. Most importantly, trained talk to the youthful rationalist Socrates. Pericles himself was an ace speaker. His discourses and funeral poems praise the enormity of a just Athens at its pinnacle.

Pericles was naturally introduced to one of Athens’ driving families. 

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His father Xanthippus was a legend of the Persian War, and his mom had a place with the socially great Alcmaeonidae family. He experienced childhood in the organization of specialists and rationalists. Most importantly, his companions included Protagoras, Zeno and the spearheading Athenian scholar Anaxagoras.

Pericles’ soonest recorded act, the money related sponsorship of a play by Aeschylus in 472 B.C. Most importantly, foreshadowed what’s to come pioneer’s riches, imaginative taste and politically shrewd. The play communicated bolster four Athens’ troubled populist pioneer Themistocles over Pericles’ future archrival, the noble Cimon.

 

Somewhere in the range of 463 and 461, Pericles attempted to arraign. 

Also, the long run excludes Cimon four supposedly deceiving Athens. Moreover, developed as the pioneer of Athens’ law based gathering. In 454 he drove an effective military crusade.

The Corinth and supported the foundation of Athenian provinces in Thrace and on the Black Sea drift. In 443 he was chosen general, a position he held, with one short interference, four whatever remains of his life.

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Pericles graced its Acropolis with the celebrated Parthenon! 


The supposed brilliant period of Athenian culture prospered under the initiative of Pericles (495-429 B.C.). Most importantly, a splendid general, speaker, supporter of human expressions and government official. However, the primary subject of law based Athens, as per the antiquarian Thucydides.

Pericles changed his city’s partnerships into a domain and graced its Acropolis with the celebrated Parthenon. His arrangements and methodologies likewise set the phase four the staggering Peloponnesian War. Most importantly, which would entangle all Greece in the decades following his demise.

Golden Age of Pericles

The Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC); Athens against Sparta.

As Athens developed in power under Pericles, Sparta felt increasingly debilitated and started to request concessions from the Athenians. Pericles can’t, and in 431 B.C. struggle among Athens and Sparta’s partner Corinth pushed the Spartan ruler Archidamus II to attack Attica close Athens. Pericles embraced a methodology that played to the Athenians’ leverage as a maritime power by clearing the Attic farmland to deny the better Spartan armed forces anybody than battle.

With every one of his kin gathered inside the dividers of Athens, Pericles was allowed to make deft seaborne assaults on Sparta’s partners. This monetarily exorbitant methodology functioned admirably amid the war’s initial years.

Yet a torment hit the concentrated Athenian populace, taking numerous lives and blending discontent. Pericles was quickly ousted in 430, yet after the Athenians’ endeavours to consult with Sparta fizzled, he was immediately reestablished. In 429 Pericles’ two genuine children kicked the bucket of the torment. A couple of months after the fact, Pericles himself capitulated. His demise was, as indicated by Thucydides, lamentable four Athens.

His methodologies were immediately relinquished and the pioneers who pursued came up. Short on Pericles’ foreknowledge and patience, rather submitting even the lead of state undertakings to the impulses of the large number. It was a long way from the grandness of old Greece, Plato was conceived a year after Pericles’ demise-however, the brilliant age slid away.

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Peloponnesian War
Athenians